India Biodiversity Awards 2014


Community stewardship

Voluntary management of a biodiversity rich area by local or indigenous communities.

In India, community stewardship institutions protect a wide spectrum of landscapes and seascapes. They are often amidst human-modified surroundings and ensure connectivity in the landscape. They are categorised on the basis of their origin, practices, objectives, livelihood and ecological function, religious sentiment, cultural association, biodiversity conservation and response to external threats. These institutions could be either formal or informal and they frame rules and regulations for the conservation and management of natural resources.

Decentralized governance

Efficient Biodiversity governance practices led by local self-governments

Under the Biological Diversity Act (2002), every local body has to constitute a Biodiversity Management Committee (BMC) for promoting conservation, sustainable use and documentation of biological diversity. This devolution of management of natural resources has opened up a plethora of possibilities for making biodiversity management in India more grounded, efficient and responsive to ecology and livelihoods. Besides, in India, Panchayats (bodies of local self government) are also constitutional and statutory institutions which inter-alia have the mandate to plan and conserve natural and biological resources in their areas.


Biodiversity governance undertaken jointly by by more than two types of institutions- could be a partnership between the communities and the government; communities and businesses; Government and businesses.

Co-management formalizes a system of benefit-sharing with communities and has a wider scope for biodiversity conservation and livelihood generation for communities. The 1998 National Forest Policy envisioned the conservation of natural resources by involving people, especially women, through Co-Management institutions. These institutions may be either formal or informal in nature, such as Joint Forest Management Committees, Eco-development Committees and other Government-supported institutions.

Protected areas

Effective and innovative biodiversity governance practices demonstrated by management agencies of designated protected areas.

India has an impressive protected area network that represents a spread of biomes and ecosystems, as well as iconic species such as tigers and elephants. Scientific management of these areas are ensured through a rigorous system of management planning in the country.



Category Winner Runners up Special Finalist
Community stewardship How green is my forest now!

Baripada, Maharashtra

From poacher’s paradise to ecotourism hotspot

Mangalajodi, Odisha

United, they protect. Together they conserve

Gandhamardan hills, Odisha

Decentralized governance Making a case for decentralized governance

Payvihir, Maharashtra

A Sacred space Ghisar, Maharashtra

Taking the future into its own hands Narotichak, Maharashtra

Co-management Overcoming traditional instincts

Old jalukie village, Nagaland

From the vulnerable to the dear daughter,

Vahli Gujrat coastline

a Himalayan success

Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh

A unique partnership rejuvenates a threatened ecosystem

Kalyanpura, Rajasthan

Protected areas Where the tiger is king

Kanha tiger reserve, Madhya Pradesh

Benefiting man and mother nature

Satpura range, Madhya Pradesh